Assessing fire blight resistance of new Cotoneaster genotypes inoculated with Erwinia amylovora in the field
The genus Cotoneaster Medik. encompasses hundreds of woody shrub species whose growth habits range from prostrate to upright. Cotoneaster species are desirable in landscapes for their low maintenance requirements and year-round aesthetic interest. However, the health and aesthetic quality of many Cotoneaster species is threatened by the bacterial disease fire blight, caused by Erwinia amylovora (Burrill 1882) Winslow et al. 1920. This study assessed fire blight resistance of three new Cotoneaster genotypes (H2011-02-001, H2011-01-002, and H2011-02-005) bred for disease resistance and two commercially available cultivars, Cotoneaster dammeri Coral Beauty and C. dammeri Lowfast under field conditions. Fourteen replicates of each taxa were planted in Davis, CA (USDA climate zone 9; Yolo silty clay loam soil) in May 2017. For plant establishment, irrigation at 100% of reference evapotranspiration (ETo) was provided during the first summer after planting. In the second summer after planting (2018), plants received deficit irrigation at 50% of ETo. In June 2018, seven replicates of each taxa were artificially inoculated with a local isolate of E. amylovora by bisecting the two youngest leaves on one branch with scissors dipped in a bacterial suspension of 109 CFU mL‑1. An additional seven replicates were artificially inoculated using the same method with sterile deionized water as a control. Fire blight susceptibility was assessed by calculating the percent shoot necrosis (PSN = 100×(lesion length/total branch length)) once a week for eight weeks after inoculation. Taxa with a PSN greater than 0% were considered susceptible and taxa with a PSN equal to 0% were considered resistant. H2011-02-005 (mean PSN=14.5±8.4%), C. dammeri Coral Beauty (mean PSN=4.4±4.4%), and C. dammeri Lowfast (mean PSN=12.3±11.1%) showed varying levels of susceptibility. H2011-02-001 and H2011-01-002 showed no necrosis (mean PSN=0.0±0.0%) and were considered resistant. The two resistant genotypes are candidates for new ornamental introductions where fire blight is prevalent.
Giffei, B.L., Contreras, R.N., Stockwell, V.O., Sisneroz, J.A., Reid, S.K. and Oki, L.R. (2020). Assessing fire blight resistance of new Cotoneaster genotypes inoculated with Erwinia amylovora in the field. Acta Hortic. 1288, 239-244
disease resistance, artificial inoculation, field experiment, new ornamental plants, woody perennial