New peach cultivar 'Sarabuz' bred by the Nikita Botanical Gardens

A.V. Smykov, O. Fedorova, N. Mesyats
The main goal of the breeding program was to create new productive peach cultivars with high commercial qualities and a valuable biochemical composition of fruits, which were resistant to the main fungal diseases, with increased adaptability to arid conditions, with low temperatures in winter and spring. As a result of the breeding work, a new cultivar of peach ‘Sarabuz’ was created with a complex of economically valuable features. This cultivar was obtained by sowing seeds of ‘Veteran’ cultivar from a free pollination. The fruits are large (average weight 167 g), rounded with a slightly indented apex, attractive appearance (4.6 points on a five-point scale). The main colour of the fruit is orange-yellow. Covering coloration occupies more than 50% of the fruit surface in the form of a red blush with blurry stripes. The pulp of the fruit is orange-yellow, fibrous, juicy, harmonious taste (tasting score 4.8 points). The cultivar is characterized by a stable annual yield (12.5-15 t ha‑1) with planting trees of 5×3 m and a cup-shaped form of crown), a winter hardiness, an excellent taste (4.8 points) and good biochemical parameters of the fruit. It is adapted to the agro-climatic conditions of the Southern Coast and the steppe Crimea. Susceptibility to fungal diseases is at an average level. The fruits ripens 20 days later than ‘Redhaven’ cultivar. ‘Sarabuz’ is a universal cultivar. It can be used fresh and for the manufacturing of some canned products.
Smykov, A.V., Fedorova, O. and Mesyats, N. (2020). New peach cultivar 'Sarabuz' bred by the Nikita Botanical Gardens. Acta Hortic. 1289, 173-178
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2020.1289.25
fruit breeding, cultivar, peach, Prunus persica

Acta Horticulturae