Pomological, quality and organoleptic traits of some autochthonous apple cultivars in Prespa region, North Macedonia
For a long period of apple cultivation in Prespa region different cultivars have been dominantly grown. At the first half of the 20th century, a large number of newly created cultivars was introduced, replacing the old cultivars. However, much of the then-existing cultivars planted in yards, swords, or abandoned plantations were not lost, resulting in their preservation until today. Lately, biodiversity preservation becomes more important. These cultivars in their code possess genes that determine highly prized properties in apples. All these characteristics of autochthonous cultivars impose the need for their detailed study and conservation. Seedlings from autochthonous cultivars grafted on MM106 rootstock were produced and planted in a commercial orchard in the Prespa region, in 2013. Тhe paper presents pomological, quality and organoleptic properties of the following 13 autochthonous cultivars: Kolačara, Ciganka, Kojče, Crveno pote, Painka, Karapaa, areno blago, Alamanka, Pariska palma, Djulabija, Zvečarka, Tetovka and Avajlija, with the cultivar Golden Delicious as reference. Based on overall results, some of the cultivars deserve to be grown in traditional orchards in typical rural areas, with reduced use of chemicals and in environmental protection programs. Many of the cultivars in their code possess genes that determine significant quality properties and that is why they are important for breeders as a source of genes in some breeding programs. Many of these cultivars do not have great economic and agronomic value, yet some of this indigenous gene pool has great socio-cultural significance and should be preserved in in situ collections.
Kiprijanovski, M., Arsov, T. and Saraginovski, N. (2020). Pomological, quality and organoleptic traits of some autochthonous apple cultivars in Prespa region, North Macedonia. Acta Hortic. 1289, 35-42
Malus × domestica, indigenous, biodiversity, properties, preservation