Coccidae and Diaspididae (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha) species and their prevalence status and density in Malatya apricot area
This study was carried out during two years to determination of species belonging to the family of Coccidae and Diaspididae which damage apricot trees in Malatya having the largest apricot field of Turkey and prevalence status. Based on the systematic sampling method, surveys were carried out on selected trees, species are determinated, and also important species were are determined according to the contaminated level and prevalence rate. In addition to Sphaerolecanium prunastri (Fonscolombe), which is important species of Coccidae family, Eulecanium tiliae (Linnaeus), Parthenolecanium corni (Bouche) and Filippia follicularis (Targioni-Tozzetti) species were determined. F. follicularis (Targioni-Tozzetti) with 0.22% prevalence rate was seen at the lowest level in the apricot areas. On the other hand, S. prunastri with 23.5% prevalence rate depending on the region was seen at the highest level. It was observed that this species is an important pest species for apricot areas and causes serious damage to apricot orchards with high density contamination level. Lepidosaphes ulmi (Linnaeus), Lepidosaphes malicola (Borchsenius) and Mercetaspis halli (Green) were determined from Diaspididae family. The prevalence rates of these species were 0.22, 0.22 and 27.55%, respectively. Although M. halli (Green) has been determined as the most density species, it is not seen as a significant species due to its low density on the tree. It has been determined that this species is a pest that should be followed for the apricot areas in the region and the measures should be taken if the density increases.
Yiğit, T. and Tunaz, H. (2020). Coccidae and Diaspididae (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha) species and their prevalence status and density in Malatya apricot area. Acta Hortic. 1290, 95-98
Coccidae, Diaspididae, Malatya, apricot