Evaluation of selected apricot cultivars based on many years of research in the collection of RIH in Skierniewice, Poland
The apricot cultivar assortment in Poland is characterized by small number of cultivars and a short period of ripening. In the Polish National List of Fruit Plant Varieties there are 9 cultivars only, and most apricot fruits are harvested in July/August. In order to improve the apricot cultivar assortment the creation of new domestic cultivars and introduction of foreign cultivars is realized. However, taking under consideration Polish climatic conditions, the only some cultivars having flower buds adequately resistant/tolerating to harsh winters and blooms adequately resistant to late spring frosts, and producing high yield of good-quality fruit can be recommended for growing. The apricot field collection in possession of the Research Institute of Horticulture in Skierniewice, Poland, contains over 100 cultivars, selections and seedlings of apricots. The research carried out in the collection are main source of information on apricot cultivars agronomical value for Polish fruit growers. On the basis of many years of observation in the collection, the cultivars best suited to the climatic conditions of Poland were selected, belong to them: Darina, Dobrzyńska, Harostar, Kijewskij Krasen, Krojczynka, Apricot from Ukraine, Pietropawłowskij, Poleskij Krupnopłodnyj, Veharda, Hungarian Early.
Sitarek, M. (2020). Evaluation of selected apricot cultivars based on many years of research in the collection of RIH in Skierniewice, Poland. Acta Hortic. 1290, 155-158
apricot collection, resistance to frost, agronomical value, fruit attributes