Physicochemical characteristics of wild apricots from Northeastern Turkey

G. Ilhan, H.I. Sagbas, S. Ercisli, G. Ozkan
This study was carried out in northeastern part of Turkey (Gumushane province) to determine some fruit characteristics of wild apricots and ‘Shalakh’. Fruit characteristics included fruit weight, flesh:seed ratio, soluble solid content, acidity, antioxidant activity and total phenolic content. The wild genotypes exhibited diversity on fruit weight, which ranged from 18.56 to 34.28 g. The standard cultivar ‘Shalakh’ had fruit weight 45.83 g indicated higher value than all wild apricot genotypes. The wild genotypes had flesh:seed ratio between 8.96 and 13.33. Soluble solid content (12.17-20.41%) and acidity (1.23-2.41%) showed great variability among wild genotypes. Total antioxidant capacity (FRAP values) and total phenolic content (TPC) were measured on wild apricots and both redox parameters showed considerable variations among the genotypes tested. The FRAP values ranged from 3.78 to 6.69 mmol AA L-1. The lowest values occurred in ‘Shalakh’ (2.33 mmol AA L-1). The total phenolic contents (TPC) ranged between 287 and 516 mg GAE L-1. ‘Shalakh’ had TPC value 311 mg GAE L-1). The results suggesting that wild apricots have been shown to have outstanding water soluble antioxidant capacity and phenolic and vitamin C contents. Therefore, the fruits of wild apricots may be considered as having enhanced functional properties and might be adaptable to meet special nutritional requirements.
Ilhan, G., Sagbas, H.I., Ercisli, S. and Ozkan, G. (2020). Physicochemical characteristics of wild apricots from Northeastern Turkey. Acta Hortic. 1290, 13-18
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2020.1290.3
apricot, phytochemicals, variation, bioactive content

Acta Horticulturae