Preliminary testing for GMOs in agricultural seeds imported to Lebanon
The great progress in agricultural biotechnology and the production of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) have raised a global concern toward their potential risks on agrobiodiversity. Although Lebanon and most countries in the Near East region are not producers of GMOs, they have started addressing this issue through the ratification of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, a protocol which controls the handling, transboundary movement and placing in the market of GM crops. Lebanon has also developed its national biosafety framework, whereby a specific law was developed in that context. On the other hand, the existing national sanitary and phytosanitary measures law bans the importation of GM seeds and seedlings. To implement this law, the country relies on the certificates that accompany the seed samples from the countries of export. Accordingly, performing confirmatory GMO testing becomes a must. In this regard, this study is the first GMO analysis of agricultural seeds imported to Lebanon. Maize, tomato and cucurbits will be screened for several GM elements, including the most frequent GM sequences P35S and TNOS, using conventional and real-time PCR.
Abdallah, J., Abou-Sleyman, G., Said, J., Saad, P., Rizk, H. and Chalak, L. (2020). Preliminary testing for GMOs in agricultural seeds imported to Lebanon. Acta Hortic. 1292, 305-312
seeds for cultivation, imports, GMOs screening, P35S, TNOS, PCR