Asexual and sexual propagation of Muntingia calabura L.

F. Nasution, C. Yapwattanaphun, J. Chumpookam
Muntingia calabura as a colonizing plant has potential for human life due to the beneficial properties of this tree. Propagation of Muntingia calabura is one of the strategies in developing this tree as commercial fruit in the future. There is limited literature of asexual propagation of Muntingia calabura; hence, this study reports on mass propagation or asexual technique in Muntingia calabura. The results revealed that seeds broke the dormancy at two months; thus, the tree will need longer time to propagate. Seed germination in the box can be viable for 150 days. The different hormones tested significantly affected percentage of rooting ability, days to root initiation, average number of roots, and average length of roots. The layers which were treated with IBA (2500, 5000, 7500, 10000 ppm) and NAA (2500 and 3000 ppm) had visible roots (100%), NAA 2000 ppm produced 60% roots, while, NAA 1500 ppm and control had 40% rooting. IBA (5000 and 10000 ppm) gave the highest root number. In root length, layers treated with IBA 5000 ppm (10.30 cm) gave significant effect with NAA 2000 ppm (1.50 cm); whereas, other treatments were not significantly different. This study can be fundamental in asexual and sexual propagation of Muntingia calabura.
Nasution, F., Yapwattanaphun, C. and Chumpookam, J. (2020). Asexual and sexual propagation of Muntingia calabura L.. Acta Hortic. 1298, 377-382
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2020.1298.52
Muntingia calabura, asexual, sexual, propagation, seed, hormone

Acta Horticulturae