Newly bred pear cultivars in integrated fruit production systems in the Czech Republic
Pear is considered a traditional fruit crop in the territory of the Czech Republic. In recent years the acreage of commercial pear plantations in the Czech Republic increased to 750 ha. Of this amount, 580 ha are included in integrated fruit production systems (SISPO). Integrated fruit production means the economic production of commercial quality crops, giving priority to methods that are environment friendly with minimisation of applied chemicals. A long-term breeding program of pear was finalized at the end of the 20th century. Twenty-five newly bred Czech pear cultivars were the result and were included into the national Listing of Plant Varieties. 'Bohemica' (63 ha), 'Erika' (35 ha) and 'Dicolor' (25 ha) pears were the most successfully adopted in commercial integrated fruit production systems. The other new cultivars account less than 5 ha each. Although pear has not been commercially grown on a big scale in the Czech Republic, there is potential for larger commercial fruit production due to favorable climatic and soil conditions. Important growth and fruit characteristics of pear cultivars recommended for commercial plantations are described in the present paper.
Paprstein, F. and Sedlak, J. (2021). Newly bred pear cultivars in integrated fruit production systems in the Czech Republic. Acta Hortic. 1303, 45-48
Pyrus, cultivar orchard, breeding program, crop