Research and development of moringa in China

H. Zhang, Y. Tian, W. Wang, X. Gao, Q. Luo, J. Sheng, Q. Zeng
Moringa was introduced to China more than 100 years ago. There were two stages in terms of moringa research and development in China, the early research period of moringa was focused on the introduction, cultivation, and adaptation through field trails before 2014. The second period was the rapid development of moringa industry since 2014. A fine genetic map of Moringa oleifera encompassing 19,465 genes was constructed in August 2014. Currently, the moringa gene bank with 356 germplasm covering 13 Moringa species is established. Honghe No. 1, a new moringa cultivar with stress resistance, high protein content, and fast growing was bred using germplasm innovation technology and released. The moringa yield increased to 20% by applying modern fertilization and innovative green integrated pest management (IPM) technology. Meanwhile, the functional components of moringa was confirmed and the molecular mechanism on the regulation of body metabolism, intestinal microflora, lipid lowering, and anti-oxidation was elucidated which provided scientific basis for product development. The critical technology related to fermentation via microorganism, efficient extraction of active ingredients and so on were established. Therefore, about 24 moringa products including a sleeping enzyme, natural folic acid and natural organic calcium have been produced and marketed. The area of moringa in Yunnan, Guangdong, Guangxi and Hainan Provinces in China was 8,000 ha, and 9,200 ha were distributed in countries such as Cuba, Myanmar, Cambodia, Thailand, Laos and Sri Lanka, which generated significant economic, social and ecological interests.
Zhang, H., Tian, Y., Wang, W., Gao, X., Luo, Q., Sheng, J. and Zeng, Q. (2021). Research and development of moringa in China. Acta Hortic. 1306, 363-370
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2021.1306.47
industry, moringa genome, Moringa oleifera, research and development

Acta Horticulturae