Pomological traits and fruit quality of black currant (Ribes nigrum L.) cultivars as affected by soil management system
This experiment evaluated the pomological properties (bush volume, berry weight, cluster weight, yield per bush and yield per unit area) and fruit quality (soluble solids content, total sugars, invert sugars, titratable acidity, total anthocyanins and ascorbic acid) of black currant cultivars as affected by soil management systems. The trial included the following cultivars: Ben Lomond, Ben Sarek, Titania, Čačanska Crna, Tisel and Tiben. Three soil management systems were evaluated: treatment 1 bare fallow i.e., continuous tillage; treatment 2 sawdust mulch; and treatment 3 black foil mulch. Differences in tested parameters were observed among cultivars and treatments. Bush volume was largest in Čačanska Crna and Ben Lomond. Berry weight and cluster weight were greatest in Ben Sarek, but cluster weight was also high in Čačanska Crna and Titania. Highest yields during the three-year experimental period were recorded in Tiben and Titania. Soluble solids content was high in Tiben and Tisel, and high values for the other fruit quality parameters were recorded in Čačanska Crna. Bare fallow and sawdust mulch treatments showed no differences in bush volume, berry weight, cluster weight and soluble solids content. Total sugars, invert sugars and total anthocyanins were highest in bare fallow treatment, whereas the highest yields and ascorbic acid content were recorded in sawdust mulch treatment.
Paunović, S.M., Nikolić, M., Miletić, R., Karaklajić-Stajić, ¿., Milinković, M., Tomić, J. and Pešaković, M. (2021). Pomological traits and fruit quality of black currant (Ribes nigrum L.) cultivars as affected by soil management system. Acta Hortic. 1308, 285-290
black currant, soil management system, pomological traits, fruit quality