Current strawberry research in Belarus, review
Strawberry is the second most important berry crop in Belarus. In recent years, due to large state investments in fruit growing, this crop has got a tremendous boost. The area of planting has grown from 6,000 to 9,000 ha, crop yield and profitability have also increased. Strawberries are researched at the Institute for Fruit Growing (IFG) and the Belarusian State Agricultural Academy (BSAA). A network of cultivar testing stations has been deployed in various soil and climatic conditions. All research results are evaluated and tested at agricultural enterprises. The IFG where research on technology of strawberry cultivation in the field and protected area is carried out analyzed over 300 strawberry samples of different geographical origin and developed standards for planting material. Scientists from IFG studied storage requirements and processing features of different strawberry cultivars as well as developed technological instructions and methods for this culture. They have also created a collection of 170 cultivars and hybrids valuable for breeding. IFG is engaged in research on cultivars, field testing, breeding, propagation, cultivation technology, maintenance of the strawberry genetic collection. The BSAA conducted a comprehensive assessment of more than 100 strawberry cultivars in the north-east of Belarus. More than 60,000 seedlings from various cross combinations were studied, and five new cultivars ('Polly', 'Tatius', 'Petsan', 'Simsan', 'Tarro') were created there. An expedition survey of strawberry plantings in commercial plantations in Belarus was held. New disease agents, which were not previously observed on strawberries in our country, have been identified. The 27 isolated pathogens were deposited into the Microbiology Institute collection. A new method for selection of disease-resistant seedlings have been developed. Disease resistance genes in strawberry genotypes are identified based on DNA analysis.
Klakotskaya, N.V. and Puhachov, R.M. (2021). Current strawberry research in Belarus, review. Acta Hortic. 1309, 407-412
plant breeding, plant diseases, pathogens, genetic resources, genetic identification