Comparison of growth and yield of irrigated fig cultivars
The project was carried out in Aydın İncirliova district conditions from 2015 to 2019 to compare multiple dried and fresh Turkish fig cultivars. Fruits were evaluated as dried (Sarılop and Divrek Kara cultivars), fresh (Bursa Siyahı, 208, Sultan Selim, Beyaz Orak, Morgüz cultivars) and both dried and fresh (Siyah Orak and Yeşilgüz cultivars). The trial garden was established at the second month of February 2015 according to randomized parcel trial design with 9 trees of every cultivar and with a 6×4 m interval. Pruning of trees was made according to modified leader system. Irrigation was performed with underground drip irrigation system. Growth of the young trees was evaluated by measuring stem diameter, canopy height, canopy width, and shoot length and seasonal phenology, inception of foliage, fruit bearing, time of fertilization, onset and end time of fruit maturation, yield (yield per tree and per decare) and quality (fruit size, TSS) were measured. Measurements made in the last 2 years demonstrated Morgüz and Yeşilgüz, in terms of stem diameter, Morgüz and Sarılop, in terms of canopy height, Morgüz and Bursa Siyahı, in terms of canopy width, had the best improvement. The weakest development was in Sultan Selim and Siyah Orak cultivars. Yield values obtained from cultivars in 2016 were not evaluated because there was so much fruit, thus, yield and quality assessments were made in 2017 and 2018. Beyaz Orak and Bursa Siyahı cultivars have highest efficiency while the lowest yield were taken from Siyah Orak cultivar.
Arpacı, S., Kargicak, M., Gorucuoglu, P. and Çiçek, E. (2021). Comparison of growth and yield of irrigated fig cultivars. Acta Hortic. 1310, 229-234