Comparison of growth and yield of irrigated fig cultivars

S. Arpacı, M. Kargicak, P. Gorucuoglu, E. Çiçek
The project was carried out in Aydın İncirliova district conditions from 2015 to 2019 to compare multiple dried and fresh Turkish fig cultivars. Fruits were evaluated as dried (‘Sarılop’ and ‘Divrek Kara’ cultivars), fresh (‘Bursa Siyahı’, ‘208’, ‘Sultan Selim’, ‘Beyaz Orak’, ‘Morgüz’ cultivars) and both dried and fresh (‘Siyah Orak’ and ‘Yeşilgüz’ cultivars). The trial garden was established at the second month of February 2015 according to randomized parcel trial design with 9 trees of every cultivar and with a 6×4 m interval. Pruning of trees was made according to “modified leader system”. Irrigation was performed with underground drip irrigation system. Growth of the young trees was evaluated by measuring stem diameter, canopy height, canopy width, and shoot length and seasonal phenology, inception of foliage, fruit bearing, time of fertilization, onset and end time of fruit maturation, yield (yield per tree and per decare) and quality (fruit size, TSS) were measured. Measurements made in the last 2 years demonstrated ‘Morgüz’ and ‘Yeşilgüz’, in terms of stem diameter, ‘Morgüz’ and ‘Sarılop’, in terms of canopy height, ‘Morgüz’ and ‘Bursa Siyahı’, in terms of canopy width, had the best improvement. The weakest development was in ‘Sultan Selim’ and ‘Siyah Orak’ cultivars. Yield values obtained from cultivars in 2016 were not evaluated because there was so much fruit, thus, yield and quality assessments were made in 2017 and 2018. ‘Beyaz Orak’ and ‘Bursa Siyahı’ cultivars have highest efficiency while the lowest yield were taken from ‘Siyah Orak’ cultivar.
Arpacı, S., Kargicak, M., Gorucuoglu, P. and Çiçek, E. (2021). Comparison of growth and yield of irrigated fig cultivars. Acta Hortic. 1310, 229-234
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2021.1310.35

Acta Horticulturae