Preventive agrotechnical measures and their impact on the occurrence of anthracnose (Colletotrichum spp.) disease among pepper plants
Cultivation of pepper in Kosovo is a centuries-old tradition as dominant vegetable crop from which our producers develop their family economies. In the last decade, the producers of this crop have faced very serious problems with the emergence of various pathogens with special emphasis on Colletotrichum spp. which is the cause of the disease of anthracnose. Field experiments have identified several factors that have influenced the occurrence of this disease, such as: too many plants per unit of area, sowing in monoculture for many years, undisinfected and uncertified seeds or uncontrolled substrates. Knowing that all these factors affect the intensity of this disease occurrence, the objective of this study was to measure the intensity of the disease in traditionally planted lots and compare these results with lots where agrotechnical measures have been precisely implemented, starting from planting seedlings in modules with controlled substrate, seed disinfection as well as the implementation of other preventive measures. We have completed the experiment during the 2018 vegetation season in the region of Rahovec. Five pepper cultivars were monitored and sampled for any symptoms suspected on anthracnose disease starting from germination. At the same time, we have conducted periodical monitoring and sampling on traditional parcels to compare the results with those of the experimental fields.
Salihaj, M. and Salihaj, D. (2021). Preventive agrotechnical measures and their impact on the occurrence of anthracnose (Colletotrichum spp.) disease among pepper plants. Acta Hortic. 1320, 291-296
anthracnose, pepper, monoculture, pathogen, parcel