Breeding prospective of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) for central and southeastern European production area
Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is one of the most important legumes for human consumption. For the Slovenian production area, common bean is known as a vegetable with increasing level of agronomic interest. In the past, four different cultivars of common bean were developed at the Agricultural institute of Slovenia using individual selection procedure from autochthonous populations. In the last decade, we started with directed cross pollinations of dry bean and recently snap bean. Generally, breeding of snap beans tends to develop new early cultivars of maslenec type. This ideotype flowers before naturally high temperatures occur and induce flower shedding, is resistant to diseases, particularly viral infections and halo blight, and forms yellow, long and flat stringless pods. The dry bean breeding strategy is oriented toward developing high-yielding cultivars, resistant to viral infections and bean blight and tolerant to abiotic (drought) stress. In 2016, we obtained 328 pods with 1377 F1 seeds in total, using hand cross pollination. The acquired F1 seeds represent highly perspective genetic material for further selection, resulting from 40 parental dry bean and 26 snap bean combinations, originating from Slovenian and European germplasm. Therefore, the advantage for development of cultivars with desired characteristics for cultivation in central and southeastern European production area that are favorably accepted by producers and consumers, lies in the use of adapted germplasm.
Pipan, B., Šuštar-Vozlič, J., Meglič, V. and Dolničar, P. (2021). Breeding prospective of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) for central and southeastern European production area. Acta Hortic. 1326, 189-194
breeding, dry bean, snap bean, hand cross pollination, new cultivars