Comparison of selected traits of sweet fennel (F. vulgare var. azoricum) cultivars
Sweet fennel (F. vulgare Miller var. azoricum (Miller) Thellung) is an aromatic plant belonging to the Apiaceae family. It is cultivated and growing naturally in many parts of the Mediterranean and the Middle East; particularly in Italy, Turkey and Iran. It is a common vegetable in Europe but used less in other parts of the world. The study evaluates the most important traits (number of lateral shoots, height, width, and weight of the bulbs, yield and total soluble solids) of two sweet fennel hybrids and six cultivars. It was conducted in a completely randomized block design with five replications. The study showed great variability among the tested cultivars. The highest average bulb weight was recorded in 'Teseo F1' hybrid (420.0 g) and the lowest average bulb weight was characteristic for the 'Romanesco' cultivar (205.2 g). This trait has the greatest impact on final yield. In contrast to our expectations, hybrids did not always exhibit significant improvement of this trait compared to sweet fennel cultivars.
Slatnar, A., Ercisli, S. and Sraka, M. (2021). Comparison of selected traits of sweet fennel (F. vulgare var. azoricum) cultivars. Acta Hortic. 1326, 195-200
cultivar, hybrid, yield, quality, quantity, total soluble solids