Studies on documentation, evaluation and use of Cucurbita moschata genetic resources

P.M. Brezeanu, C. Brezeanu, S. Ambarus, T.O. Cristea, M. Calin
Cucurbita moschata is a seasonal crop known for its edible fruits and seeds, used as food and feed source and also for its medicinal potential. The objective of the present study was to investigate morphological and physiological features of ten C. moschata, collected from the Romanian area. The main objective of investigation was to identify promising germplasm, having superior plant and fruit characteristics and significant yield potential. In this purpose, investigations were done on the following characteristics: fruit diameter, fruit length, skin thickness, flesh thickness, length of seed cavity, fruit weight, yield, content of total dry mater, mineral content, total soluble solids, titratable acidity, content of carotene and ascorbic acid. We can conclude that the investigated accessions of C. moschata are characterized by a wide variability in constituents as well as in morphological features and represent valuable starting material for breeding works. Physical, physicochemical and chemical characteristics showed a great variability: skin thickness (0.5-1.3 mm), fruit weight (2.9-5.2 kg), yield (40-72 t ha‑1), content of total dry mater (93.4-96.7%), titratable acidity (0.18-0.83%), content of β carotene (1.3-5.8 mg 100 g‑1) and ascorbic acid (4.13-6.52 mg 100 g‑1). Because of its rich content of total soluble solids, carotene and ascorbic acid C. moschata represent a healthy and functional vegetable.
Brezeanu, P.M., Brezeanu, C., Ambarus, S., Cristea, T.O. and Calin, M. (2021). Studies on documentation, evaluation and use of Cucurbita moschata genetic resources. Acta Hortic. 1326, 209-214
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2021.1326.28
morphological and physiological features, yield, cucurbits, quality, variability

Acta Horticulturae