Agricultural biodiversity, proteas as instrument of integral development in the conservation area SieteLomas, southeast of Tenerife, Canary Islands

M.L. Fuertes Díaz
Proteas are ornamental shrubs cultivated for their commercial value and for their color. Of interest to the areas of medium altitude of the Canary Islands, they have consolidated as an activity in La Palma, Tenerife and Gran Canaria. In the southeast of Tenerife it has not been developed as a crop, however the medians of this area meet the climatic conditions necessary for its development. With maximum temperatures 30°C and minimum over 4°C, relative humidity of 18.4% and a solar radiation of 1036 W m‑2, the interest is productive for its contribution the agricultural biodiversity and economic for results in the agricultural activity. In the upper part of the Valley, the Siete Lomas protected area has agricultural protection and the remains of traditional agricultural activity. To the north-west of the protected area, in the municipality of Candelaria, at 1200 m above sea level, it houses the old Bodegas de Chivisaya of the 19th century, abandoned and damaged by pastoral activity. A bioeconomic resource with a history to recover where beekeeping, viticulture and forestry coexisted for decades. Proteas production favors the sustenance of life, nutrition, nectar and pollen, shelter for local fauna and complementary economic contribution to the agricultural activities of the place. Biodiversity-based economy that leads to attraction for rural areas, enhancing the recovery of abandoned farms with the presence of ecofriendly young farmers who see a new sustainable business model shaping a varied agriculture scene where it takes the form of agro ecology with service horizons. This concept of biodiversity favors the recovery of agricultural land, generates complementary economies such as ecotourism defined as “responsible trips to natural areas that conserve the environment, sustain the well-being of the local population and involve interpretation and education”.
Fuertes Díaz, M.L. (2022). Agricultural biodiversity, proteas as instrument of integral development in the conservation area SieteLomas, southeast of Tenerife, Canary Islands. Acta Hortic. 1347, 117-122
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2022.1347.17
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2022.1347.17
biodiversity, proteas, insects, rural development, young farmers
English

Acta Horticulturae