Transcript profiling of olive fruit tissues in late development reveals complex vesicle trafficking and hormonal regulation involved in cell wall modifications
Fruit ripening and abscission are the results of the cell wall modification concerning different components of the signalling network. However, molecular-genetic information on the cross-talk between ripe fruit and their abscission zone (AZ) remains limited. In this study, we investigated transcriptional and hormonal changes in olive (Olea europaea L. Picual) pericarp and AZ tissues of fruit at the last stage of ripening, when fruit abscission occurs, to establish distinct tissue-specific expression patterns related to cell-wall modification, plant-hormone, and vesicle trafficking in combination with data on hormonal content. In this case, transcriptome profiling reveals that gene encoding members of the α-galactosidase and β-hexosaminidase families associated with upregulation of RabB, RabD, and RabH classes of Rab-GTPases were exclusively transcribed in ripe fruit enriched in ABA, whereas genes of the arabinogalactan protein, laccase, lyase, endo-β-mannanase, ramnose synthase, and xyloglucan endotransglucosylase/hydrolase families associated with upregulation of RabC, RabE, and RabG classes of Rab-GTPases were exclusively transcribed in AZ-enriched mainly in JA, which provide the first insights into the functional divergences among these protein families. The enrichment of these protein families in different tissues in combination with data on transcript abundance offer a tenable set of key genes of the regulatory network between olive fruit tissues in late development.
Briegas, B., Corbacho, J., Camarero, M.C., Labrador, J., Gallardo, M. and Gomez-Jimenez, M.C. (2023). Transcript profiling of olive fruit tissues in late development reveals complex vesicle trafficking and hormonal regulation involved in cell wall modifications. Acta Hortic. 1362, 403-408
antioxidant activity, phenolics, resveratrol, salicylic acid, Olea europaea