Cultivar identification and comparative analysis of genetic diversity in yardlong bean using morphological characters and ISSR analysis
Cultivars of yardlong bean were identified and their genetic relationships determined in a breeding program aimed at increasing yield and quality using five morphological characters (growth habit, shape of leaf tip, flower color, seed color and seed luster) and inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) analysis. Genetic diversity and relatedness were measured in 2 parental lines, 10 F7 lines and 4 commercial varietal genotypes. Morphological characters were diverse, with 4 genotype differences from the 16 genotypes and 36.37 diversity efficacy. Cluster analysis by unweighted pair-group method arithmetic average (UPGMA) using morphological traits classified the yardlong bean cultivars into 3 groups at R2=0.70. Seven of the 12 ISSR primers, producing a total of 137 informative fragments, successfully distinguished the yardlong bean accessions. Pairwise coefficients of genetic similarity between all genotypes ranged from 0.64 to 0.95, with the genetic analysis classifying the accessions into 5 groups at R2=0.78. When using the morphological characters combined with the ISSR, the analysis classified the accessions into 6 groups at R2=0.80, with the two parental lines into the same group and the F7 lines to many groups. Combining morphological characters with the ISSR data was more effective in determining the genetic relationships among yardlong bean accessions than using a single method.
Tira-umphon, A. and Pornsuriya, P. (2023). Cultivar identification and comparative analysis of genetic diversity in yardlong bean using morphological characters and ISSR analysis. Acta Hortic. 1362, 513-520
genetic relationships, Vigna unguiculata