Fingerprinting of Omani date palm cultivars

M. Al-Hinai, A. Al-Lawati, A. Al-Mamari, A. Al-Jabri, I. Al-Harrasi, A. Al-Amri, Y. Al-Raisi, M. Ben Salah
The numbers of known date palm cultivars that are distributed all over the world are approximately 5,000, out of which about 250 are found only in Oman. It is a dioecious, perennial, monocot plant, and its heterozygous form makes its progeny strongly heterogeneous. Most of these cultivars were described using morphological markers such as fruit and vegetative traits, but these are greatly affected by the environment and are also complex. In general, the identification and evaluation of genetic diversity between the cultivars on the basis of morphological markers is difficult. Recently DNA markers have been used to provide the information on the relatedness of date palm cultivars that are difficult to distinguish morphologically. Micro-satellite simple sequence repeat (SSR) have been used widely in date palm genetic diversity among GCC countries. In this study, the genetic diversity of 12 of Omani date palm cultivars was studied by using 10 micro-satellite markers which are the same markers used in GCC countriesRSQUO date palm cultivars. Mature leaves samples of all cultivars, five replicates per cultivar, were collected from five governorates of Oman from north and south Al-Batinah (Sohar and Barka), Al-Dhahirah (Ibri), Al-Dakhilia (Wadi Quriate, Nizwa), Al-Sharqiya (Samad Al-Shan, Al-Kamel and Al-Alwafi) and Al-Burymi (Mahadah, Al-Buraymi). A total of 113 alleles were scored with average of 11.3 alleles per locus. It ranged from 5 alleles/locus for SSR (PDCAT 17) to 17 alleles/locus SSR (mPdCIR 10). The polymorphic information content (PIC) average was 0.668. There was genetic diversity within and among the selected cultivars and it were assessed by using micro-satellite markers.
Al-Hinai, M., Al-Lawati, A., Al-Mamari, A., Al-Jabri, A., Al-Harrasi, I., Al-Amri, A., Al-Raisi, Y. and Ben Salah, M. (2023). Fingerprinting of Omani date palm cultivars. Acta Hortic. 1371, 209-216
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2023.1371.28
molecular marker, SSR, date palm

Acta Horticulturae