APPLE GENETIC RESOURCES

R. Watkins
A start has been made with the preparation of a "European Apple Inventory" aimed at covering all major sites where apple "genebanks" are being maintained. It also includes information on other less secure sites. Attention is also drawn to genetic resources which are at risk of being lost or where a collecting expedition is recommended to save wild plants, landraces or other types.

It is proposed that each European country should take a share of the responsibility for maintaining a "Distributed European Apple Genebank". The aim would be to hold each basic genotype at a minimum of at least four sites. It is suggested that each country should give priority attention to types originating locally, but should also maintain a comprehensive range of standard cultivars and a share of international accessions - particularly those likely to be of value in breeding or genetic engineering.

The following control/standard cultivars are proposed from which each site can select those relevant to local interests:- Belle de Boskoop, Cox's Orange Pippin, Delicious, Gravenstein, Granny Smith, Greensleeves, Idared, Ingrid Marie, James Grieve, Jonagold, Jonathan, King of the Pippins (Goldparmaene), McIntosh, Melrose, Northern Spy, Rome Beauty, Stayman's Winesap, Tydeman's Early Worcester, Vista Bella, White Transparent (Weisser Klarapfel).

Watkins, R. (1985). APPLE GENETIC RESOURCES. Acta Hortic. 159, 21-30
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.1985.159.3
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1985.159.3