CHEMICALS FOR CONTROL OF POSTHARVEST DECAY OF VEGETABLES
This apparent disparity of effort exists in spite of estimates placing postharvest losses of vegetables due to decay in the hundreds of millions of dollars in the United States. World wide-estimates of losses for specific vegetables range upward to 30 to 50 per cent of the crop produced. In this era of population pressures, food needs, and the obvious but often overlooded role of vegetables in meeting dietary requirements, such losses are intolerable.
Decay losses of vegetables arriving in Pittsburg, Pa., during the period 1957 to 1961 were compiled from estimates by the USDA (18) as follows:
|Beans, Snap||44||8||Sclerotinia, Rhizoctonia|
|Tomatoes||50||1.5(12)xx||BSR, Rhizopus, Alternaria|
x Storage for 2–4 months for processing
xx Ripening and repacking