THE HISTOLOGY OF SUSCEPTIBILITY AND RESISTANCE OF CARNATION TO FUSARIUM WILT
Resistance to F. oxysporum f. sp. dianthi is present in the root epidermis, and particularly in the phellem (periderm) surrounding the vascular cylinder of older root parts. Resistance is expressed in the vascular tissues of both roots and stems by a localization response which prohibits any further colonization and thus development of disease. This response comprises occlusion of colonized vessels with brown gums and formation of suberized phellem (periderm) tissue surrounding these vessels. In roots, the localization tissue is often cast out of the vascular cylinder. In stems, compensation for the loss of function of occluded vessels is found in vascular regeneration. The partial character of resistance is probably based on quantitative differences among cultivars in localization capacity.