FARMER-DEPENDENT FACTORS INFLUENCING INCOME IN APPLE PRODUCTION

S. MARTYNA
Investigations included orchard farms situated in Nowy Sacz and Kielce regions. Eleven farms were divided into: 5 smaller ones (up to 5 ha of arable area) and 6 bigger farms (up to 9 ha of arable area). Depreciation and repair costs constituted a considerable part of the costs of production. Together, those two items made up 46% of the costs of production on smaller farms and 52% on bigger ones. The share of apples value in the final output was one the average respectively: 59% on smaller farms and 94% on bigger ones. The number of family agricultural workers was respectively: 2.0 and 1.8. Statistical data came from 1981 in the case of 6 farms and from 1983 according to 5 ones. In order to update and unify the data, the pay level, means of production prices and fruit purchase prices of 1985 were used in calculations. With reference to some stored apples, the data came from the first months of 1986. Considering the difficult situation on the market in the early eighties, apple producers were faced with the necessity of waiting over the unfavourable period. In this paper, apart from the usual relative height costs index and income index, the farmer's net income index minus depreciation value and fixed capital goods was also calculated. Therefore, the investments on orchard establishment and other outlays in the first years afterwards were not taken into consideration in our calculations. In both groups of farms the relative height of costs index oscillated from 117 to 141; farmer's net income was a negative value, while farmer's net income minus the fixed capital goods depreciation was 94 zl per family man-hour on smaller farms and 365 zl on bigger ones.
MARTYNA, S. (1988). FARMER-DEPENDENT FACTORS INFLUENCING INCOME IN APPLE PRODUCTION. Acta Hortic. 223, 181-187
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.1988.223.29
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1988.223.29
223_29
181-187

Acta Horticulturae