CHARACTERISTICS OF EXPORT-ORIENTED HORTICULTURE AND THEIR DEVELOPMENTS

D. MEIJAARD
Horticulture in developed countries and especially the export-oriented industry, is strongly linked with other branches of economic activity. The whole with the primary production-connected activities is defined as the agribusiness-complex. The conception is not uniformly defined in literature. We will define it as "a collection of vertically linked economic activities that are connected with primary agricultural production (supply and services, treatment and processing, trade and distribution), whereby the composed parts in the first place maintain relations with each other (Post a.o., 1987).

In the light of the foregoing it is clear that production for the final demand of horticultural products generates not only an income to the entrepreneurs and their labourers, but also to other concerns who deliver goods and services and also to the processing-industry.

The significance for the national economy of these horticultural complexes in terms of income and net-contribution to the balance of payments is considerable.

Practically, all agribusiness-complexes are strongly dependent on foreign demand. The share of the export-dependent income in the total income amounts to 64% for the total agribusiness. For the horticulture complex the percentage is even higher. Vegetables in the open rank low, fruits moderate and other branches rank high (Table 1).

The significance of a branch of horticulture to the national economy is not only dependent on the contribution of the export-dependent income. The total size of the net-contribution to the balance of payments is also important. The complex of the glasshouse industry is responsible for 63% of the net-contribution to the balance of payments of the total horticultural complex.

On the ground of the foregoing one can conclude, that in the international context the location factors for the place of business of horticulture are relatively favourable. The position of the different complexes is not identical. The position of the glasshouse industry is strong. The background of this strong position will be discussed later on. The favourable position of the bulb-growing complex rests for an important part on soil- and climatic conditions.

MEIJAARD, D. (1988). CHARACTERISTICS OF EXPORT-ORIENTED HORTICULTURE AND THEIR DEVELOPMENTS. Acta Hortic. 223, 28-36
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.1988.223.3
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1988.223.3
223_3
28-36

Acta Horticulturae