ORCHARD CANOPY MANAGEMENT - SESSION SUMMARY
Once established, the orchard's canopy management reflects an interpretation of the physiology underlying the relationship between vegetative growth and cropping. Canopy management is manipulated through: pruning and training; irrigation and nutrition; growth regulator application, and environmental modification.
These avenues are available to overcome deficiencies in the original orchard design. Aspects of irrigation, growth regulator usage and the use of protective structures were discussed.