ALMOND ORCHARD DESIGN WITH RESPECT TO HONEYBEE BEHAVIOUR

S.J. Hill
The yield of almond trees can be increased by increasing nut-set. Normally only 10 to 30% of flowers set nuts in Australian orchards, but an average nut-set of 50% can be achieved by manipulating the factors of pollination and nut-set. Many Australian almond orchards are poorly designed in that perhaps less than 15% of the honeybees within those orchards are capable of effectively pollinating flowers.

Improved orchard design can increase yield by increasing the effectiveness of honeybees. A favourable design may include the orientation of tree rows to north-south; the minimisation of wind speed within the orchard; the alternation of trees of different cultivars within rows; the minimisation of the distances between different cultivars within rows; and the provision of gaps between or under trees within rows.

Hill, S.J. (1989). ALMOND ORCHARD DESIGN WITH RESPECT TO HONEYBEE BEHAVIOUR. Acta Hortic. 240, 201-204
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.1989.240.37
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1989.240.37

Acta Horticulturae