MICROPROPAGATION OF TEMPERATE FRUITS - APPLICATIONS AND LIMITATIONS
The objective of this brief review is not to list the species of temperate fruit crops which have been successfully micropropagated or tissue cultured (38,73), but rather to focus on the range of practical uses to which in vitro technology is currently being applied as well as some of the limitations of this approach. Among these applications are the balance between clonal stability and genetic variability of the shoot regenerants; commercial micropropagation and automation; and virus elimination and the international transport of material. Of equal importance are the in vitro techniques which modern breeding is using to reduce the long generation and evaluation times of some breeding programs. These include induced variation and mutagenesis; screening for disease resistance and environmental stress; and embryo rescue, the technique which can bypass barriers that add generations to the development of varieties with specific characters. Genetic transformation will not be considered here.
Barlass, M. (1989). MICROPROPAGATION OF TEMPERATE FRUITS - APPLICATIONS AND LIMITATIONS. Acta Hortic. 240, 43-50