GEOTHERMAL ENERGY - TOWARDS PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS IN ISRAEL
Development and research activities aimed at utilization of geothermal water started in the early seventies with an emphais on soil warming in open fields and low tunnels. These activities were increased following development of a 60°C well at Paran. An interdisciplinary team including engineers and horticulturists from the Agricultural Research Organization concentrated efforts to solve the following problems:
- Selection of suitable crops and agrotechnics to produce winter products for export.
- Developing and optimization of heat exchange systems for agricultural utilization.
Following five years of experimentation and demonstration, over 10 ha of greenhouses are heated with geothermal energy. The main crop at present is melons harvested during February through April.