SIMULATION OF THE DIURNAL RATE OF CO2-ASSIMILATION OF A ROW CROP IN A VENLO GREENHOUSE

H. Gijzen
For dynamic optimization of the greenhouse climate continuous evaluation of the potential for increasing crop productivity is necessary. The effect of CO2 supply on photosynthesis and thereby on productivity is dependent on, among others, the light interception and actual rate of photosynthesis of the crop. Studies on the optimization of CO2 supplementation commonly assume that the transmissivity of the greenhouse cover is constant and that the crop is horizontally homogeneous. In a simulation study the differences between calculated instantaneous rate of crop photosynthesis in a Venlo type glasshouse based on these assumptions, and the rate of photosynthesis of a row crop using a detailed model of transmissivity of the glasshouse cover are investigated. Bright and dull days are simulated for De Bilt, The Netherlands.

On days with large amounts of direct radiation the transmissivity of the glasshouse cover varies considerably. At low solar elevations crop gross photosynthesis is significantly reduced due to low transmissivities. On bright days the instantaneous gross photosynthetic rate of row crop can be highly dependent on the position of the sun. On these days a significant reduction in the rate of photosynthesis occurs at midday dependent on the path width, with glasshouse and rows orientated North-South (row direction is equal to the glasshouse direction). With an East-West orientated glasshouse the decrease in the rate of photosynthesis compared with a horizontally homogeneous crop is enhanced by increasing solar elevations. It is evident that for bright days a more detailed model is necessary for calculation of the rate of photosynthesis of a row crop for the purpose of dynamic optimization.

Gijzen, H. (1989). SIMULATION OF THE DIURNAL RATE OF CO2-ASSIMILATION OF A ROW CROP IN A VENLO GREENHOUSE. Acta Hortic. 257, 63-72
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.1989.257.8
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1989.257.8

Acta Horticulturae