INVOLVEMENT OF ABSCISIC ACID DURING WATER STRESS AND RECOVERY IN PETUNIA FLOWERS.

Y. VARDI, S. MAYAK
Transient water stress shortens the longevity of cut petunia flowers. The induced reduction in longevity depends primarily on the extent of water stress imposed (amount of water removed from the tissue), and to a lesser extent on the duration of that stress. Water stress hastened the onset of the rise in ethylene production but had only a small effect on the apparent change in membrane permeability to ions.

In response to stress a rise in abscisic acid was observed, and upon rehydration the level of free abscisic acid declined. The extent of reduction in abscisic acid brought on by rehydration was more pronounced in young flowers than in mature flowers. We therefore conclude that the capacity to metabolize abscisic acid to inactive forms is larger in young flowers and that consequently they are less affected by water stress than the mature flowers.

Application of abscisic acid to cut petunia flowers accelerated their senescence, as reflected by higher ion leakage and development of blueing off colour in the petals.

VARDI, Y. and MAYAK, S. (1989). INVOLVEMENT OF ABSCISIC ACID DURING WATER STRESS AND RECOVERY IN PETUNIA FLOWERS.. Acta Hortic. 261, 107-112
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.1989.261.13
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1989.261.13

Acta Horticulturae