THE NORWEGIAN STRAWBERRY INDUSTRY

J. Øydvin
The large-fruited strawberry Fragaria x ananassa Duch. is one of the most suscessful new plants grown in Norway this century.

The area covered by strawberries in 1984 was estimated at 2 300 hectares, and the average fruit yield was about 9 T per hectare. Thus, the Norwegian population, of about 4 million, comsumes more than 5 kg strawberries per capita, which is probably the world record today. The predominant part of the strawberry crop is frozen and used as jam, frozen products etc. throughout the year.

'Senga Sengana' has been our predominant cultivar for more than 20 years, and 'Zephyr' the leading early cultivar.

Most fields are planted in spring and used for 4–5 fruiting seasons. The most common method is to grow in narrow matted rows. Some growers prefer to cover the soil with black polyethylene prior to planting, to facilitate weeding and to hasten fruit ripening by 5–6 days.

Research is conducted in breeding, cultivar evaluation, fertilization, prosessing etc. Officially recommended cultivars are multiplied on a large scale by the growers' own organisation agency, "Gartnerhallen".

Øydvin, J. (1989). THE NORWEGIAN STRAWBERRY INDUSTRY. Acta Hortic. 265, 729-732
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.1989.265.116
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1989.265.116

Acta Horticulturae