STRAWBERRY PRODUCTION IN YUGOSLAVIA

M. Stanisavljevic, D. Ruzic
By fruit production, strawberry ranks seventh among the fruit species in Yugoslavia and first among the small fruit crops. Over the 1980–1987 period, the average area under strawberries was 9 943 ha and the average annual production 40 422 t, with the average production of 4.1 t/ha. The average export amounts to 60 t of fresh, 227 t of pulp and 14 501 t of frozen product. The export has a rising tendency as compared to 1980. The average annual sale on the home market amounts to 3 344 t. The highest proportion of strawberry fruit is frozen, and a part of it is made into preserves, jams and juices. The leading strawberry cultivar is Senga Sengana, covering 90% of the production.

Strawberries are mainly produced on individual holdings on plots of 5–50 ares, with 0.70–1.00 m spacing between rows and 0.25–0.40 m in the row. Nursery production is organized within agricultural organizations; the production of elite strawberry plants for nurseries started in 1987.

The research work on strawberry breeding, cultural practices, tissue culture propagation and virology is mainly conducted at the Fruit and Viticulture Research Institute at Cacak, although the Institutes in Sarajevo, Ljubljana and Banja Luka are also engaged in this work.

Stanisavljevic, M. and Ruzic, D. (1989). STRAWBERRY PRODUCTION IN YUGOSLAVIA. Acta Hortic. 265, 741-746
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.1989.265.120
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1989.265.120

Acta Horticulturae