STRAWBERRY PRODUCTION IN HUNGARY
The main variety is Gorella followed by C. Rival, Pocahontas and Senga Sengana in decreasing order of significance. Most recently the spreading of the variety Kortes, obtained in Fertod, is noticeable.
Mostly mechanical planting is applied, and some 60% of propagating material is frigo plant. The plantations are kept for two productive years.
Institute for Fruit and Ornamentals in Fertod is responsible for superelite propagating material. Heat-therapy combined with meristem culture is the basis of virus eradication.
The country's ecological conditions are in general suitable for strawberry production, but they are grown mainly in areas where the average yearly rainfall is over 600 mm, or irrigation is possible. The production is the most extensive in the lowlands /counties Pest and Bács - Kiskun/, in Transdanubia /counties Veszprém and Somogy/ and in the northern county Nógrád /Fig. 1/.
Strawberries are grown commercially in average on 800 ha. The production is made mostly in the household farmings of agricultural cooperatives /45 %/ and in commonly cultivated lands of the cooperatives /9 %/, further in subsidiary and small private farms /46 %/ respectively. The total yearly production is about 17 000 metric tons. The greatest part of the yield is consumed as fresh fruit, 12% comes to industrial processing and 5% to export. The export consists of deep frozen fruit, jam and canned fruit as well as fresh fruit.
Due to the different characters of growing the farm size is also very different, fluctuating between 0,1 and 120 ha. In well treated plantations the yield surpasses the 12 metric tons pro hectar, while the landwide average lies around 4,6 tons/ha.