THE STRAWBERRY PRODUCTION IN ARGENTINA
The crop season begins about July in the North areas of the country (Jujuy, Salta, Tucuman, Corrientes) then a succession of harvesting continues (central zones: Buenos Aires, Santa Fe - September to December) and autumn crop (March, April), with special varieties around consumption centers.
In recent years fresh fruit exportation has been taking place mainly during the months of October, November and December to the north hemisphere taking advantage of the different season.
The most important varieties are: Tioga, Pajaro, Aiko, Douglas, Tufts, Hecker, together with a dozen of others of minor importance. The growers get regularly their supply buying fresh and frigo-plants from about 8 specialized nurseries located in cold areas that produce about 20,000,000 plants a year, what means a renewal of 30% of the annual planting.
The other producers deal with their own plants.
Different official and private laboratories are dealing with meristem techniques.
A tipical growers extension can be estimated in about 15,000 m2 and the top yield is about 60 t/ha.
A common technology is annual planting, fertilizers, mulching, irrigation and pests and diseases control programs.
Official research is taking place at I.N.T.A. that has a germoplasm bank with 250 entrees in E.E.A. San Pedro (Buenos Aires).