THE CULTIVATION OF STRAWBERRIES IN EASTERN SLOVAKIA
We cultivate them on normal soil, partly on plastic mulch, partly on straw or shaving mulch. The variety standard includes the following cultivars: DAGMAR (a Czechoslovak cultivar), ELISTA, INDUKA, REDGAUNTLET, ROXANA (a Czechoslovak cultivar) and SENGA SENGANA. The most important of the above mentioned cultivars is SENGA SENGANA cultivated on about 50% of the area. Nowadays we get healthy plants from maintenance selection by means of tissue cultures grade S1. This material is multiplied in isolated nurseries for plants grade E.
In Eastern Slovakia we cultivate strawberries on a large scale from 1974 in special state fruit farms (OSM). Those state fruit farms situated in LEVOCA, SABINOV, MICHALOVCE, VRANOV and SVIDNIK are in different ecological conditions. During the last six years the annual maximum crops attained 9.5 tons per hectare, whereas in rainy weather we obtained only 3.2 tons of strawberries per hectare on an area of 100 hectares.
In spite of many successes obtained cultivating strawberries in Eastern Slovakia, some problems, mainly related to irrigation are to be solved in the near future. Moreover our programme enclose the breeding of the new cultivars resisting to Botrytis cinerea and adapted to mechanized harvest.