TIMING FIELD PRODUCTION IN A GERMPLASM COLLECTION OF ARTICHOKE (CYNARA SCOLYMUS L.)
One hundred and eight accessions of artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) were grown at Gaudiano in the Ofanto river Valley (Southern Italy) in order to analyse the yield variability and to get more information about harvesting time in this new growing area. Picking date of the main heads, harvesting period the mean time of production for each accessions were recorded. Harvesting consisted of two to six cropping by hands. It began in October-November (‘Blanco’, ‘Di ogni mese’, ‘Siracusano’, ‘Violetto di Catania’, ‘Locale di Mola’, ‘Catanese I’, ‘EB 9’, ‘CB 07’, ‘Violetto di Provenza’, ‘Di Niscemi’ and ‘Violetto precoce’) continues through March-April (about 54% of accessions) and stopped at the end of May (‘Violet de Camargue’). Peak production took place from April to mid-May. The harvesting period, as average among all accessions, resulted of 50 days and varied from only 7 days in ‘Violetto spinoso’ to 201 in ‘Blanco’. About 36% of accessions gave the yield in 14–28 days interval, 29% of them in 28–42 days, in the others the period was longer than 6 weeks.
Miccolis, V., Elia, A. and Bianco, V.V. (1990). TIMING FIELD PRODUCTION IN A GERMPLASM COLLECTION OF ARTICHOKE (CYNARA SCOLYMUS L.). Acta Hortic. 267, 153-162