A. Garcia-Pitarch, V. Moreno
Somaclonal selection is one of the most promising alternatives for the introduction of new varieties in the ornamental species market. The majority of mutations which appear as a consequence of in vitro cultivation often affect vegetative characteristics, patterns of development or the type and distribution of pigments in leaves and flowers. Furthermore, the high frequency of somaclonal variation offers a good opportunity of selecting superior mutants from ornamental species.

In a work carried out on somaclonal selection in Ficus lyrata we have been able to identify and select a variegated mutant with several desirable traits. The line (named scFl-'Ivonne') presents a more compact aspect with respect to the parental line; the overall growth is less but it is more uniform. The irregular variegation of its leaves, which present an intense green in the center and a paler green which changes into creme or albino on the leaves margin is the most notable characteristic. The leaf veins are creme and the petioles are red.

Considering its characteristics, the new somaclonal line could be relevant from an economic point of view.

Garcia-Pitarch, A. and Moreno, V. (1991). SCFL-'IVONNE': A VARIEGATED SOMACLONAL MUTANT FROM FICUS LYRATA. Acta Hortic. 289, 227-228
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.1991.289.55

Acta Horticulturae