FORMATION OF THE ECONOMIC EFFECTIVENESS OF INVESTMENTS IN ORCHARD IN THE LIGHT OF ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

J. Grochowski
The process of intensifying fruit production which was initiated several years ago has at present become an obligatory trend in this field of production in Poland. Particularly notable changes in the level of the intensity of production have taken place in recent years in the socialized farm sector. All newly planted orchards in this sector conform to the conditions required by the most recent scientific and technical achievements in the field of fruit growing, and the available means of production render it possible to carry out fruit production at a high level of intensiveness.

Modern techniques of fruit production are still much too frequently in conflict with obsolete administration and organization in this line of production. Thus, for example, irrespective of the level of growth of capital outlays during the period of investment, such outlays having increased several-fold recently in connection with the expansion of the intensiveness of fruit production, there is a lack of any effort /on a country-wide scale/ to strengthen the control of the degree and appropriateness of incurred outlays. The lack of an effective method for controlling the propriety of outlays, incurred in realizing a program for increasing the area of orchards in the socialized sector, can lead in effect to the unnecessary freezing /for a relatively long period of time / of considerable investment sums and land. Studies carried out by the Chair of Orchard Economics and Organization of the Institute of Orchard Production showed that the period of freezing land and investment outlays in around 50% of the orchards planted in state farms in the fifties

Grochowski, J. (1973). FORMATION OF THE ECONOMIC EFFECTIVENESS OF INVESTMENTS IN ORCHARD IN THE LIGHT OF ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT. Acta Hortic. 28, 75-84
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.1973.28.5
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1973.28.5
28_5
75-84