APPROPRIATE DISTRIBUTION OF LABOUR THROUGHOUT THE YEAR IN GREENHOUSE PRODUCTION AS ONE OF BASIC FACTORS IN PROPER MANAGEMENT

K. Martyna
Among decisions to be taken in greenhouse production the problem of an appropriate selection of plants comes to the fore front. There are few decisive criteria for proper selection of plants. Rentability and the even employment of the labour force throughout the year are particularly important. These criteria are mentioned together because when dealing with the problem of even distribution of labour throughout the year, the need to attain high value of production must also be taken into account. As a basis for elaboration of this problem 2 year experiences from 5 state greenhouse farms were examined /Pabianice near Lódz, Pszczyna in Katowice voivodship, Rajsko, Zaborze and Mszana Dolna-all in Kraków voivodship/ with 8 ornamental plants /chrysanthemum, pinks, gerberas, cyclamen, roses, azaleae, asparagus and ferns/ and with 3 vegetables /early tomatoes, early cucumbers and salad/.

The plants grown in greenhouses with the technologies applied in this country may be divided into 3 groups. In the first group, with relatively even distribution of labour throughout the year, should be included pinks, cyclamen and gerberas. In the second group, with very uneven distribution of labour, should be included vegetables and chrysanthemums. The third, intermediary group encompasses roses, azaleas, asparagus and ferns.

Distribution of labour throughout the year for individual plants was presented by means of two coefficients, namely a coefficient of labour continuity and an index of labour distribution in individual seasons.

Martyna, K. (1973). APPROPRIATE DISTRIBUTION OF LABOUR THROUGHOUT THE YEAR IN GREENHOUSE PRODUCTION AS ONE OF BASIC FACTORS IN PROPER MANAGEMENT. Acta Hortic. 28, 182-187
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.1973.28.8
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1973.28.8
28_8
182-187