EUROPEAN CARNATION TRADE AND SPANISH PARTICIPATION
- Demand has moderately increased although very unevenly : there has been a great expansion in England and a stabilization in Germany and some other countries in the Mediterranean basin.
- The carnation share in the whole cut flower consumption has decreased.
- The national consumption models are becoming similar: per capita consumption and demand structure by kind of flowers are levelling.
- Supply has suffered a geographical reset: selfsufficiency has decreased and geographical composition of imports has changed. Countries like Spain, Turkey and Holland have advanced in their participation while others like Israel, Italy and, on a lesser scale, Colombia and Kenia have receded.
Carnation supply and demand behaviour can be explained by the particular place of this species in the global market of cut flowers: a standard and "mature" product (Mulder, 1989), whose demand leads to a stabilization as flower consumption and diversification grow, and a labour intensive activity, which tends to move to labour abundant countries.