MANGOSTEEN (GARCINIA MANGOSTANA L.) - A POTENTIAL CROP FOR TROPICAL NORTHERN AUSTRALIA

J. Wieble, E.K. Chacko, W.J.S. Downton
The mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.) praised as the "queen of tropical fruits", still remains an underexploited tropical fruit, unknown and unavailable to many consumer markets in the industrialized nations. Because of the long juvenile phase and uncertain bearing behaviour, large scale planting of this tropical crop has not occurred. Even in the most ideal growing environment as in Malaysia, Thailand and the Philippines it is still regarded as a backyard crop. Many areas in tropical Northern Australia have the potential to grow mangosteen but a lack of knowledge about the proper nursery practices and agrotechniques is hindering development.

Current research at the CSIRO Division of Horticulture is aimed at enhancing the growth rate of seedlings at the nursery stage using appropriate potting media, shade, CO2 enrichment of the growing environment and application of growth regulators. Physiological investigations aimed at understanding the causes of the relatively low rate of carbon fixation in mangosteen leaves and the translocation and distribution of photosynthate in whole plant also form part of the program. Experience gained from the orchards currently being established in Darwin (Northern Territory) and Cairns (Northern Queensland) indicates that further research is required to understand the optimum agronomic practices to make this crop commercially viable.

Wieble, J., Chacko, E.K. and Downton, W.J.S. (1992). MANGOSTEEN (GARCINIA MANGOSTANA L.) - A POTENTIAL CROP FOR TROPICAL NORTHERN AUSTRALIA. Acta Hortic. 321, 132-137
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.1992.321.12
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1992.321.12

Acta Horticulturae