WATER MANAGEMENT FOR THE GREENING OF KUWAIT
The country of Kuwait is presently planning an ambitious undertaking to expand the landscape enhancement of the country. Adequate water supplies for irrigation are crucial for successful implementation. Historically, the underground aquifers and treated municipal wastewater have provided most of the irrigation water for both ornamental and agricultural planting. Traditionally, distilled fresh water production has not been used for irrigation purposes. Future increases in demand resulting from urban expansion and population growth, when coupled with requirements for the expanded greenery program, will have a substantial impact upon all water resources. Ensuring effective resource utilization, will require complete cooperation and coordination between the various agencies which control water distribution and use. Also, continued research will be essential to identify new water sources and/or determine methods to increase efficiency of use for existing supplies. Additionally, competent management of irrigation water allocations will be necessary. A direct relationship exists between the various plant species utilized, type of irrigation systems installed, quality of grounds maintenance practices, and ultimate landscape water consumption. Accordingly, effective resource management will entail more than just monitoring water use. Sound judgements must be made during the landscape design process, proper planting techniques must be utilized, and appropriate maintenance procedures must be observed. By initiating an administrative strategy which is sensitive to all relevant aspects of the greenery program, efficiency in the management of landscape water utilization will be realized.
Abdal, Mahdi S. and Qallaf, A. (1993). WATER MANAGEMENT FOR THE GREENING OF KUWAIT. Acta Hortic. 335, 95-100