VEGETABLE VARIETY TESTING IN KENYA - TOMATOES AND CAPSICUMS
Vegetable cultivation has become an important activity in Kenya during recent years. Population expansion, urbanisation and rising standards of living have brought about an increasing demand for vegetables for the domestic market; vegetable exports to European markets have also expanded.
Plant breeding facilities for vegetable crops are not currently available in Kenya and seeds are therefore imported of cultivars bred and developed in overseas countries. Current work is consequently directed mainly to the testing of imported cultivars under various local climatic conditions in order to assess their suitability in terms of yield, quality and resistance to diseases and pests.
Vegetables can only be grown successfully in Kenya where the annual rainfall exceeds 1100 mm and even in these areas irrigation is necessary.
The National Horticultural Research Station has undertaken the testing of tomato and capsicum cultivars during recent years and some of the results achieved are outlined in this paper.