VEGETABLE CULTIVATION AND RESEARCH IN MALAWI
The nature of the landscape in Malawi, with its widely different altitudes (1830 m on the plateaux to 45 m in the lower part of the Rift Valley) and varying rainfall patterns (635 mm to 2540 mm) make it ideally suited for the production of a wide range of horticultural crops, as well as providing suitable conditions for a long production period for any particular crop. Due to the relatively high population densities in the Southern Region and resultant small farm sizes, horticultural crops provide a valuable means of maintaining a satisfactory gross output per farm or family.
However, the urban communities and numbers of wage-earners are relatively small and therefore the available market for perishable commodities is limited. At the present time, this restricted market for fruit and vegetables is inhibiting commercial development in the production of vegetables for export by air.