INTRODUCTION AND CULTIVATION OF TRADITIONAL AND NEW MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANT CROPS IN HUNGARY
According to the Hungarian Pharmacopoea (No VII.) and regulation of Ministry of Commerce 214 medicinal and aromatic plant drug considered to be an official one origined of about 180– 200 species. The total amount of drug taken from wild habitat is 10–15 thousand tonn, while that from cultivation 25 – 30 thousand tonn yearly. Evaluating the present biological and economical situation a new strategy has to be followed in exploitation and cultivation of plants. In the case of some species (Crataegus sp. Plantago sp. Rosa canina, Tillia sp, Urtica dioica e.t.c.) the natural sources remain the only economical way for the mass production. However in the case of protected or problematic species like Acorus calamus, Adonis vernalis, Primula sp. etc. the introduction of plants into the agrarian-system should be the solution. However the cultivation and processing of medicinal and aromatic plants must be optimalized continuously, according to the basic elements of GAP (Good Agricultural Practice).
Bernáth, J. (1993). INTRODUCTION AND CULTIVATION OF TRADITIONAL AND NEW MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANT CROPS IN HUNGARY. Acta Hortic. 344, 238-248