METHODS AND STRATEGIES OF STRAWBERRY FORCING IN CENTRAL EUROPE: HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES AND RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
A brief resume of the evolution of ‘out-of-season’ production of strawberries in greenhouses and plastic tunnels in Holland an Belgium is presented. Strawberries are traditionally cultivated in soil. In the 1970's, the nutrient film technique (NFT) was introduced. Later on, rockwool, polyurethane or polyphenol slabs were combinated with the NFT system. Also experiments were done with cultivating strawberries in vertical hydroponic systems. In the early 1980's, the bucket culture was introduced. The first trials with grow bags were done in the 1970's, but the final breakthrough came in 1987. Strawberry culture on peat bags is now widely spread in central Europe and replacing bucket culture. The general methods of the culture under plastic tunnels and greenhouses are discussed. Also comments are given on recent developments that are going in the direction of disinfection methods, the re-use of nutrient solutions and alternative substrates.
Lieten, F. (1993). METHODS AND STRATEGIES OF STRAWBERRY FORCING IN CENTRAL EUROPE: HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES AND RECENT DEVELOPMENTS. Acta Hortic. 348, 161-170