CULTURAL PRACTICES AND COSTS IN HAZELNUT PRODUCTION
This work describes the current situation of cultural practices and costs in hazelnut production. The choice of 3 orchard types was made according to the representativity of the different hazelnut growing regions (Turkey [Type I], USA [Type II] and Spain [Type III]) to compare production costs. Orchards close to type II seem to be in a better competitive situation. There is an extensive review in the most important aspects of cultural practices (planting systems, pruning, sucker control, soil maintenance, fertilizing, irrigation, pest control and harvesting) related to improve the orchard management efficiency. Finally, several recommendations and R+D lines are described which could improve the crop mechanization and cover some important deficits concerning the knowledge of the crop and its management.
Tous, J., Girona, J. and Tasias, J. (1994). CULTURAL PRACTICES AND COSTS IN HAZELNUT PRODUCTION. Acta Hortic. 351, 395-418