INTRASPECIFIC DIVERSITY OF CARROTS AND PRACTICAL IMPORTANCE OF HIGH-CAROTENE CARROTS (SEEDS,ROOTS)

N. Zhidkova, V. Leunov, A. Nadeyena
The insectipolinated speacies Daucus carota L. is distinguished trough great intraspecific diversity including the wild perennial Subsp. Gingidium (L.) Small, the European carrots Subsp. carota, the Eastern Subsp. orientalis (Rubasch) Setch., with many variety-tipes within each intraspecific taxon (SAZANOVA 1990). There is a broad genetic polymorphism of numerous features: shape variation - from round apple-like, oval, cylindrical, conic to spindle-shaped, with an average weight of 50 to 1.500g, root length of 3 to 100cm, stem height of 80 to 150cm and more; variation as to the vegetation period duration - from early-maturing (60 days) to late-ripening (over 130 days); as to the genetic predisposition to the emergence of a pigment spectrum - from white, yellow, orange, red, violet to black, with the shades varying from zero to maximum; as to the root tissue structure - from juicy, tender, spongy to rough pulp.

The right use of the intraspecific diversity of carrots can provide the population and the processing enterprises with high-quality products all the year round.

Carrots are cultivated on more than 100 thou. ha in the CIS, on which area Russia accounts for more than 50 thou. ha. Half of that area is occupied in Russia by cultivars selected at the VNIIO (All-Russian Research Institute for Vegetable Growing). However, the rich diversity of carrots is not used to the full. In the main the carotene carrot varieties are reproduced and partially the yellow ones.

In central Asian republics of the CIS, yellow carrots are popularly used as seasonings and garnishes; in the Caucasus at the earlier times they made kvass (a soft drink)from black and violet carrots ; in Daghestan thouse carrots were

Zhidkova, N., Leunov, V. and Nadeyena, A. (1994). INTRASPECIFIC DIVERSITY OF CARROTS AND PRACTICAL IMPORTANCE OF HIGH-CAROTENE CARROTS (SEEDS,ROOTS). Acta Hortic. 354, 89-92
DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.1994.354.9
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.1994.354.9

Acta Horticulturae